Nandipati KC, Lin E, Husain F, Srinivasan J, Sweeney JF, Davis SS. Counterclockwise rotation of Roux-en-Y limb significantly reduces internal herniation in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). J Gastrointest Surg. 2012 Apr;16(4):675-81.
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Results: Of a total 442 (mean age, 43.7 ± 10.3 years; mean BMI pre-op was 46.4 ± 5.1; and BMI after median follow-up of 12 months was 34.5 ± 6.98) patients included in the study, 21 (4.7%) internal hernias were identified. Of 21 internal hernias, 17 (81%) were through Peterson’s space and four (19%) were through the mesenteric defect. Group 1 patients had significantly higher overall internal hernias (20/291, 6.9% vs. 1/151, 0.7%; P = 0.0018) and Peterson’s hernias (16/291, 5.5% vs. 1/151, 0.7%; P = 0.0089) compared with group 2. In addition, no significant difference was noted in the incidence of Peterson’s hernia whether the defect was closed or not closed (closed group, 4/117 and 3.4% vs. not closed, 13/325, 4%; P = 1.00). Within the group where Peterson’s defect was closed, clockwise rotation and anastomosis on the right side of the axis of the mesentery was associated with significantly higher incidence of Peterson’s hernias compared with counterclockwise rotation (4/54 vs. 0/63; P = 0.043). In the group where Peterson’s defect was not closed, clockwise rotation was associated with higher incidence of internal hernias that did not reach statistical significance (12/237, 5.1% vs. 1/88, 1.1%; P = 0.12). This study demonstrates that the technique for construction of the Roux limb is a major factor in the development of internal hernias. Construction of the Roux limb with a counterclockwise rotation of the bowel, such that both jejunojejunostomy anastomosis and ligament of Treitz are to the left of the axis of the mesentery significantly reduces the incidence of internal hernias.