A discussion in January included postoperative hyperthyroidism following parathyroidectomy.
Reference: Patel SG, et al. Hyperthyroidism after parathyroid surgery: A prospective analysis of potential contributing factors. (unpublished)
In a prospective study of 101 patients between 2014 and 2015, Patel et al examined surgical extent, anatomic findings, thyroid manipulation, anesthetic medication, and outcomes in order to identify potential intraoperative contributing factors for hyperthyroidism after parathyroidectomy.
Unilateral exploration was found to be significantly less often associated with postoperative hyperthyroidism than bilateral exploration. Additionally, incidence was lower with intraoperative ephedrine and four-fold higher with bilateral exploration. The authors recommend that “postoperative TSH screening for those who require bilateral exploration and/or symptoms of hyperthyroidism should be strongly considered.”
It is stated that this prospective study is the first “to evaluate the type and extent of thyroid manipulation during parathyroid exploration as a cause of hyperthyroidism.”
Due to the fact that the data/manuscript is currently unpublished, minimal information is shared here. We will post a notification when it is published. Our deepest thanks to Dr. Patel for his generosity in sharing this information.
Additional reading: Madill EM, Cooray SD, Bach LA. Palpation thyroiditis following subtotal parathyroidectomy for hyperparathyroidism. Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports. 2016 July; pii: 16-0049. doi: 10.1530/EDM-16-0049
Mai VQ et al. Palpation thyroiditis causing new-onset atrial fibrillation. Thyroid. 2008;18(5):571-573. doi:10.1089/thy.2007.0246
Stang MT, et al. Hyperthyroidism after parathyroid exploration. Surgery. 2005 Dec;138(6):1058-1064.