Singh F, et al. A systematic review of pre-surgical exercise intervention studies with cancer patients. Surg Oncol. 2013 Jun;22(2):92-104. Full-text for Emory users.
Results: Eighteen studies were included consisting of a total of 966 participants. Lung cancer studies were the predominant group represented. Most of the studies prescribed an aerobic intervention programs done prior to surgery. Mode, frequency, duration, and intensity of exercise intervention varied across the different cancer groups. The majority of studies showed preliminary positive change in clinical outcomes with significant improvements in the rate of incontinence, functional walking capacity and cardiorespiratory fitness.
Conclusion: Pre-surgical exercise may benefit cancer patients through positive effects on function and physical capacity. Surgical oncologists may consider pre-surgical exercise interventions as a potential adjuvant therapy to improve patients’ outcomes.