Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients

Xie M, et al. Does ileoanal pouch surgery increase the risk of desmoid in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis? Int J Colorectal Dis. 2020 Aug;35(8):1599-1605.

Full-text for Emory users.

Results: Eight retrospective studies with a total of 1072 patients were identified: 491 underwent IPAA and 581 IRA. There was no significant difference in the incidence of DTs between IPAA and IRA (11.81% vs. 9.47%, OR 0.95, P = 0.85). Meanwhile, the overall complication (42.97% vs. 36.76%, OR 1.32, P = 0.11), incidence of cancer (4.88% vs. 8.37%, OR 0.28, P = 0.26), and overall mortality (0.33% vs. 5.20%, OR 0.49, P = 0.53) were comparable too.

Conclusion: Ileoanal pouch surgery is associated with similar risk of desmoid in patients with FAP after surgery.

Ng KS, Gonsalves SJ, Sagar PM. Ileal-anal pouches: A review of its history, indications, and complications. World J Gastroenterol. 2019 Aug 21;25(31):4320-4342.

As the IPAA celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2018, this review provides a timely outline of its history, indications, and complications. IPAA has undergone significant modification since 1978. For both UC and FAP, IPAA surgery aims to definitively cure disease and prevent malignant degeneration, while providing adequate continence and avoiding a permanent stoma. The majority of patients experience long-term success, but “early” and “late” complications are recognised. Pelvic sepsis is a common early complication with far-reaching consequences of long-term pouch dysfunction, but prompt intervention (either radiological or surgical) reduces the risk of pouch failure. Even in the absence of sepsis, pouch dysfunction is a long-term complication that may have a myriad of causes. Pouchitis is a common cause that remains incompletely understood and difficult to manage at times. 10% of patients succumb to the diagnosis of pouch failure, which is traditionally associated with the need for pouch excision. This review provides a timely outline of the history, indications, and complications associated with IPAA. Patient selection remains key, and contraindications exist for this surgery. A structured management plan is vital to the successful management of complications following pouch surgery.

Sheedy SP, et al. Judging the J pouch: a pictorial review. Abdom Radiol (NY). 2019 Mar;44(3):845-866.

Full-text for Emory users.

“Restorative total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is the surgery of choice for patients with medically refractory ulcerative colitis, ulcerative colitis with high-grade dysplasia or multi-focal low-grade dysplasia, and for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. The natural history of the surgery is favorable, and patients generally experience improved quality of life and acceptable long-term functional outcome. However, some patients experience significant long-term morbidity from early and/or late pouch-related complications. When complications arise, radiologists must understand the advantages and disadvantages of the various imaging modalities that can be used to assess the pouch. Radiologist familiarity with the surgical technique, pouch anatomy, and imaging appearance of the various potential early and late complications will help facilitate appropriate clinical and surgical decision-making. This review provides an anatomic-based imaging review of the pouch and pouch-related complications, including numerous illustrative fluoroscopic and cross-sectional imaging examples.”

More PubMed results on postoperative complications, cancer risk, and quality of life after J-pouch surgery.

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