Totally Extra Peritoneal (e-TEP) Approach for Ventral Hernias

Bui NH, Jørgensen LN, Jensen KK. Laparoscopic intraperitoneal versus enhanced-view totally extraperitoneal retromuscular mesh repair for ventral hernia: a retrospective cohort study. Surg Endosc. 2021 Mar 15.

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Results: A total of 72 patients were included in the study, 43 and 29 of whom underwent IPOM and eTEP-RM repair, respectively. Patient demographics showed no differences in terms of gender, age, smoking and comorbidity. The median age was 57 years and body mass index 30.5 kg/m2. The rate of patients with incisional hernia was higher in the IPOM group (39.5% vs. 20.7%, p = 0.154). There was no difference in horizontal and vertical hernia size defect. The duration of surgery was significantly shorter for IPOM (mean 82.4 vs. 103.4 min, p = 0.010), whereas the length of stay was significantly longer after IPOM (median 1 days vs. 0 days (p < 0.001). The rate of patients requiring postoperative transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block or epidural analgesia was significantly higher after IPOM (33% vs. 0%, p = 0.002). A subgroup analysis on patients undergoing primary ventral hernia showed similar results.

Conclusion: The study found laparoscopic eTEP-RM safe and effective compared to traditional laparoscopic IPOM. The patients undergoing eTEP-RM had significantly reduced need for additional analgesic treatment and length of stay.

Kumar N, Palanisamy NV, Parthasarathi R, Sabnis SC, Nayak SK, Palanivelu C. A comparative prospective study of short-term outcomes of extended view totally extraperitoneal (e-TEP) repair versus laparoscopic intraperitoneal on lay mesh (IPOM) plus repair for ventral hernia. Surg Endosc. 2020 Sep 23.

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Results: We evaluated 92 cases (n = 92), 46 in each group. Mean age, sex, BMI, location of hernia, primary and incisional hernia, and comorbidity were comparable in both the groups. Mean defect size for IPOM Plus and e-TEP was 4 cm and 3.89 cm, respectively. Operative time was significantly higher for e-TEP, while postoperative pain (VAS), analgesic requirement, and postoperative hospital stay were significantly less as compared to IPOM Plus. However, 2 cases (4.35%) of e-TEP had recurrence but none in IPOM Plus group.

Conclusion: e-TEP is an evolving procedure and comparable to IPOM Plus in terms of postoperative pain, analgesic requirement, cost of mesh, and length of hospital stay. More randomized controlled and multicentric studies are required with longer follow-up to validate our findings.

Prakhar G, Parthasarathi R, Cumar B, et al. Extended View: Totally Extra Peritoneal (e-TEP) Approach for Ventral and Incisional Hernia-Early results from a single center. Surg Endosc. 2020 Apr 28.

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Results: 171 patients underwent e-TEP approach ventral hernia repair. Mean age was 49.34 ± 10.75 years with hypertension being most common comorbidity. Mean BMI was 29.2 ± 4.1 kg/m2. Mean defect area was 51.35 ± 45.09 cm2 and mean mesh size used was 397.56 ± 208.83 cm2. Fifty patients required TAR. Mean duration of surgery was 176.75 ± 62.42 min and blood loss was 78.7 ± 24.4 ml. Mean length of stay was 2.18 ± 1.27 days. Seven cases had paralytic ileus, 5 cases had surgical site infection, and 3 cases had recurrence at 6 months follow up.

Conclusion: e-TEP is a minimally invasive approach which is safe, feasible and also avoids placement of mesh in peritoneal cavity. Since it is a relatively new approach it requires further studies for standardization of techniques, criteria for patient selection and to study long-term outcomes.

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