The use of gabapentin in acute alcohol withdrawal

Levine AR, et al. High-Dose Gabapentin for the Treatment of Severe Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis. Pharmacotherapy. 2019 Sep;39(9):881-888.

Full-text for Emory users.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: “Patients who received high-dose gabapentin required a significantly lower overall amount of benzodiazepines (mean ± SD 109.5 ± 53.4 mg vs 88.5 ± 35.6 mg [lorazepam equivalents], p=0.023) and had a significantly lower mean CIWA-Ar score (10.1 ± 4.7 vs 7.7 ± 3.9, p=0.010) and maximum CIWA-Ar score (16.0 ± 7.0 vs 12.6 ± 6.1, p=0.016) on day 3 of hospitalization. The high-dose gabapentin regimen was well tolerated, without an increased risk of oversedation, compared with the control group (Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale score < -1: 34% in the treatment group vs 20% in the control group, p=0.115). Patients receiving high-dose gabapentin had a shorter length of hospital stay (7.4 ± 4.0 days vs 6.0 ± 2.6 days, p=0.034) and increased likelihood of being discharged home (66% vs 88%, p=0.009) compared with the control group.”

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Liver transplantation in alcoholic liver disease: is a period of sobriety necessary?

One discussion this week included early liver transplantation in patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD).

Reference: Godfrey EL, Stribling R, Rana A. Liver transplantation for alchoholic liver disease: an update. Clinics in Liver Disease. 2019 Feb;23(1):127-139. doi: 10.1016/j.cld.2018.09.007.

Summary (quoted from the article): ALD, a major cause of global morbidity and mortality, is expected to continue to increase in the global health burden. Although several new therapies have become available for other causes of liver disease, very few effective therapies exist for ALD other than liver transplantation. To ensure good outcomes and appropriate allocation of scarce donated organs, stringent selection criteria must be used to determine who is eligible to receive a graft, and effective, integrated alcohol use treatment must be used to prevent relapse.

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