Jeong HH, et al. A quantitative analysis of the relation between the clavicular tilt angle and subclavian central venous catheter misplacement. Clin Exp Emerg Med. 2014 Dec 31; 1(2):114-119.
RESULTS: Among all central venous catheterizations (n=1,599), the subclavian route was used 981 times (61.4%). There were 51 misplacements of SCV catheters (5.2%) during the study period. There were no differences in the sex, age, blood pressure, and diagnosis between the two groups. The CTA values were 28.5°±7.3° and 22.6°±6.3° in the misplacement group and control group, respectively (95% confidence interval, 3.6 to 8.1; P<0.001).
CONCLUSION: In this study, the CTA was found to be 5.9° larger in the misplacement group than in the control group. Assuming that CTA indicates the shoulder position, our findings suggest that the chance of SCV catheter misplacement may be reduced by avoiding the shoulder elevated.
Kwon MY, Lee EK, Kang HJ, et al. The effects of the Trendelenburg position and intrathoracic pressure on the subclavian cross-sectional area and distance from the subclavian vein to pleura in anesthetized patients. Anesth Analg. 2013;117(1):114–118.
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“We evaluated the effects of increased intrathoracic pressure (20 cm H2O) or Trendelenburg position on the CSA and DSCV-pleura during SCV catheterization and general anesthesia, and determined whether their changes were clinically relevant (defined as [DELTA]CSA and [DELTA]DSCV-pleura >=15% vs S-0). Applying positive intrathoracic pressure alone or Trendelenburg position alone provided a statistically increased CSA of the SCV, but this increase did not meet our defined threshold for a relevant degree ([DELTA]CSA of >=15%). Only the combined application of these 2 maneuvers yielded a relevant increase in the CSA ([DELTA]CSA 23.2% vs S-0). No maneuvers provided a relevant change of DSCV-pleura ([DELTA]DSCV-pleura >=15%) despite their statistically significant changes in some conditions.” (Kwon, 2013, p. 116)