Article of interest: Volvulus of the Small Bowel and Colon

Kapadia MR. Volvulus of the Small Bowel and Colon. Clin Colon Rectal Surg. 2017 Feb; 30(1):40-45.

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“Volvulus of the intestines involves twisting around a fixed point. It may occur anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract where there is a long, mobile intestinal segment with a narrow mesenteric attachment. Volvulus leads to luminal obstruction and can compromise intestinal blood flow. For this reason, it tends to be a surgical emergency which requires prompt attention. Failure to recognize the signs and symptoms of intestinal volvulus may lead to bowel ischemia and perforation.”

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Clinical guideline for management of sigmoid volvulus

One discussion this week included revolvulus after colonic decompression.


Reference: Vogel JD, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for colon volvulus and acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum. 2016 Jul;59(7):589-600. doi: 10.1097/DCR.0000000000000602

Summary: Volvulus occurs in the sigmoid colon or cecum in >95% of cases, with the remainder involving either the transverse colon or the splenic flexure of the colon. Sigmoid volvulus affects patients who are older, with more comorbid medical and neuropsychological conditions, compared with those with cecal volvulus.

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