ONCOTYPE IQ for DCIS: A 12-year update on the ECOG-ACRIN E5194 study

One discussion last week included Dr. Wood’s ONCOTYPE IQ for DICS, Trial E5194.

Reference: Solin LJ, et al. Surgical excision without radiation for ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast: 12-year results from the ECOG-ACRIN E5194 study. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2015 Nov 20;33(33):3938-3944. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2015.60.8588

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00002934.

Summary: The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group–American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ECOG-ACRIN; formerly the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) Cancer Research Group E5194 study (a nonrandomized clinical trial) prospectively enrolled patients for whom surgical excision alone (without radiation) was thought to be a reasonable treatment option on the basis of low-risk clinical and pathologic characteristics. This report provides updated results from the ECOG-ACRIN E5194 study, including 10- and 12-year outcomes.

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The ACOSOG Z0011 Randomized Control Trial

One discussion last week included the ACOSOG Z0011 RCT.

Reference: Giuliano AE, et al. Effect of axillary dissection vs no axillary dissection on 10-year overall survival among women with invasive breast cancer and sentinel node metastasis: the ACOSOG Z0011 (Alliance) randomized control trial. JAMA. 2017 Sep 12;318(10):918-926. doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.11470.

Summary: The results of the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0011 (ACOSOG Z0011) trial were first reported in 2005 with a median follow-up of 6.3 years. Longer follow-up was necessary because the majority of the patients had estrogen receptor-positive tumors that may recur later in the disease course. In this follow-up study, the authors sought to determine whether the 10-year overall survival of patients with 2 or fewer sentinel lymph node metastases treated with breast-conserving therapy and sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) alone without axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is noninferior to that of women treated with axillary dissection.

Compared with ALND, SLND alone was found to be noninferior for overall survival. The 10-year overall survival rate was 86.3% in the SLND alone group and 83.6% in the ALND group. The unadjusted HR comparing overall survival between the SLND alone group and the ALND group was 0.85 (1-sided 95% CI, 0–1.16), which did not cross the prespecified noninferiority HR margin of 1.3. The HR for overall survival adjusting for adjuvant therapy (chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, radiation, or a combination of these 3) and age for the SLND alone group compared with the ALND group was 0.93 (1-sided 95% CI, 0–1.28) (Table 2).

10yr survival

CONCLUSION: In this randomized clinical trial including 856 women, after median follow-up of 9.3 years, overall survival for patients treated with sentinel lymph node dissection alone was not inferior to those treated with completion axillary lymph node dissection (86.3% vs 83.6%, respectively; noninferiority hazard ratio margin of 1.3). These findings do not support the use of axillary lymph node dissection when 2 or fewer metastases are found with sentinel lymph node sampling in women with cT1-2M0 breast cancer.