Abstract: Leakage from the duodenal stump has been the most feared complication of the Billroth II reconstruction following gastric resection. The purpose of our study was to evaluate four methods of duodenal stump closure in 200 patients. One hundred and forty-seven (74%) patients had duodenal ulcers; 28 (14%) had gastric ulcers; and 25 (13%) had a variety of other inflammatory conditions. The most common indication for operation was acute hemorrhage (51%), followed by perforation (24%), intractability (15%), and obstruction (10%). Conventional duodenal closures were performed in 160 (80%) patients, Nissen’s closure in 25 (13%), Bancroft’s closure in 6 (3%), and tube duodenostomy in 9 (5%). Duodenal leaks occurred in four (2.5%) patients with conventional closures and in three (33%) patients with tube duodenostomies. No leaks occurred in patients with Nissen’s or Bancroft’s closures. The hospital mortality rate for the series was 9.5%; however, no patient who developed a duodenal leak died. We conclude that Nissen’s and Bancroft’s closures were safe and effective, but that tube duodenostomy did not reliably prevent uncontrolled leakage.
“The presence of involved histological margins at the time of index resection in Crohn’s disease is associated with recurrence, and plexitis shows promiseas a marker of more aggressive disease. Further studies with homogeneity of histopathological and recurrence reporting are required.“”The presence of involved histological margins at the time of index resection in Crohn’s disease is associated with recurrence, and plexitis shows promiseas a marker of more aggressive disease. Further studies with homogeneity of histopathological and recurrence reporting are required.“
“This study hypothesized that there may be additional differences between trauma surgery (TS) and emergency general surgery (EGS) patients, because the physiologic conditions are typically dominated by hemodynamic instability from hemorrhage in the former, whereas the latter is predominantly complicated by sepsis. The 2 groups may also have different patient demographics, with TS patients being younger and more likely to be male than EGS patients.”
“The purpose of this study was to compare the rates of small bowel obstruction, anastomotic complications, and wound infections between stapled and handsewn closures of loop ileostomies. The diverting loop ileostomy is a commonly used stoma, often employed to diminish the consequences of an anastomotic leak in low colorectal anastomoses, ileal pouch-anal anastomoses, and in situations where reversible patient factors increase the risk of an anastomotic dehiscence. They are also used to divert the fecal stream in the event of an anastomotic leak and, occasionally, in severe fistulizing perianal disease.”
“Trials comparing handsewn with stapled anastomoses in colon and rectal surgery have not found statistical differences. Despite this, authors have differed in their conclusions as to which technique is superior. To help determine whether differences in patient outcomes are present, a meta-analysis of all trials was performed.”
“Comparison studies in animal models and clinical experience featuring fluorescein flowmetry have consistently demonstrated the superiority of dye-based perfusion monitoring for intraoperative bowel assessment as compared to standard clinical criteria, DUS, and pulse oximetry/PPG. (45,46,47,53,54) However, these results are not universal, with some large animal models demonstrating no difference between fluorescein, DUS, and PPG, and an additional study showing that DUS actually outperforms fluorescein for intraoperative bowel assessment. (13,18,43)” (p. 312)
Methods: Review of patients from 2002 to 2013 who underwent flexible endoscopy within 6 weeks of creation of gastrointestinal anastomosis. Exclusion criteria included intraoperative endoscopy, anastomotic perforation prior to endoscopy, and endoscopy remote from the anastomotic site. Data are presented as median (interquartile range; IQR) or percentages as appropriate.